Pattern Drafting: The basic foundation
This post has been rewritten and posted to my new blog, HERE.
In my last post, I covered the basic and advanced pattern drafting tools. This time...I'd like to cover some basic terms.
Pattern Drafting: A system of creating patterns that reflect an individuals (or sizing standard) measurements.
Flat Pattern Drafting: A system of making flat, 2 dimensional patterns.
Pattern "Blocks" or "Slopers": A five piece (or more) foundation of the basic patterns consisting of the front and back bodice, front and back skirt, and sleeve. Pattern blocks have been tested and have impeccable fit. All patterns stem from this basic foundation. Or, in other words, basic blocks are altered to create any variety of new styles.
Creating the basic pattern block
The basic foundation starts as a 2 dimensional flat pattern. It is drafted on paper and the dimensions are taken from the model or sizing standard. These measurements will dictate the basic shape of the pattern.
Pattern blocks are created with a series of straight and curved lines. These straight and curved lines create a pattern by applying the individual measurements and "connecting the dots".
Darts help to define shape in a garment. Not all garments use darts. For example, knitwear does not require as much built in shaping as a woven fabric would need. Have a look at the illustration below to see exactly how darts remove fullness in a flat 2 dimensional pattern.
So, maybe your wondering why all of this in important? Well, having a basic understanding of pattern making terminology and the basic foundation of all pattern making is crucial to being able to create your own patterns from ready to wear. Next time, we will discuss how to start creating your own pattern blocks by using your existing clothing. -Ruth-